Linux and UNIX are the two most popular and safe Operating Systems that are being used widely across the globe. As they somewhat work on the same platform, they have many similarities between them. In this article, we will compare both the Operating systems, which would help you to decide that which OS you should prefer.
The First thing that comes to mind, while comparing the two Operating systems is the cost of setup. While all the Linux distributions are free of cost, the UNIX comes in various price tags depending on the version you need. Also the Linux is free to distribute under the GNU licenses.
Although the UNIX is not free but there are exceptions like OpenSolaris UNIX. While installing the complete setup, Linux will cost you nothing, but the UNIX setup can cost around 20,000 to 25,000 USD.
If you are considering the cost as the main factor for deciding the right OS, then the Linux is best choice for you.
2. User interface
Both of the Operating systems are similar to look and feel, however the newer versions of the Linux has improved the graphic implementation in various aspect of the interface and now has better usability in comparison to the UNIX operating systems. Talking about the particular Operating system, MAC OS which is an UNIX based Operating system, has voted to have the best desktop user interface among the other UNIX OS or Linux distributions. Typically the Linux supports two types of graphical user interfaces, one is the KDE and the second one is the Gnome. UNIX now supports the User interface named as Common Desktop Environment and some of the UNIX based OS are shipped with the Gnome interface too.
Overall, Linux is considered as easy to install and use interface. And it is easier to install drivers, and other software applications, while installing application in a UNIX system, may be cumbersome for some.
Both the Linux and the UNIX are at par to each other with respect to the security factor, both of them have a strong security line up and are free from viruses and other malicious programs. This is mainly because before the hackers find a way to hack the current version of OS, company releases the next version of OS.
For added security, the Linux comes with open source security applications like netfilter or iptables based firewall tools which are capable to protect the computer from hackers and crackers.
Similarly UNIX has its own firewall application based on ipfilter, although you can also purchase the 3rd party security software, in case you are not satisfied with the performance of the UNIX firewall.
4. File systems supported
A typical Linux distribution supports the EXT2, Ext3, Ext4, ReiserFS, Xfs, FAT, FAT32, and NTFS file systems, whereas the UNIX OS supports jfs, hfs, ufs, xfs, and zfs file systems.
By looking at the factors discussed above, we can point that although they are nearly same, but the Linux gives user a little more flexibility and is easier to work with. If you want to have a good networking experience without spending a lot of money, then the Linux should be the first choice for you.